Business Laws, Ethics and Communication is the Paper 2 in CA IPCC Examination. Most of the CA Students feel that Law Paper is the very onerous paper in IPCC Group 1. They even struggle to get 40 marks in this paper. Already we’ve provided How to get 60+ marks in IPCC Law Paper easily. But today, here we are providing How to Present Law Paper in IPCC May 2017 Examination. Before Going to know how to present Law exam paper in IPCC may 2017 exams, check why students fail in law paper and other reasons to get low marks in IPCC Law paper.
It is generally observed that the students who opt for the Chartered Accountancy course are above average and with a determination to work hard and complete the course at an early date. However, the current environment in which the students have to prepare for their exams is very challenging. Current challenges and possible solutions are highlighted in this article.
Why Students Fail in Law Paper
Lack of comprehensive study
Students preference for selective study by referring examination papers of last 5-6 attempts, affects the understanding and performance of the students during the examination. A comprehensive study covering the entire syllabus of the subject are overlooked by the majority.
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Lack of conceptual study
Students’ fail to emphasize their focus on the major legal provisions, case laws, (if any) and understand their practical. Besides, students ignore on the terms/definitions used in Act at various places, so they are usually confused whenever question based on the definitions is asked in the examination.
Lack to meet the expectation of the examiner
By and large, students are not aware of the level of knowledge prescribed for the paper. So they are not able to meet the expectation as required from the Students during the examination.
Ignorance to Bare Act
Further, students have no habit of reading the Bare Acts. It is necessary for better understanding of the provisions contained in various statutes and the way the legal provisions are given. T is will increase their performances while representing their answers with the better drafting of the answer in the legal manner.
Lack of preparation of brief notes
The preparation of brief notes helps to recapitulate the main concept during the examination. Normally, students refrain from preparation of brief Notes. Brief notes act as a capsule during the examination.
Lack of practice in examination conditions
Students do not attempt the past year examination question paper/ Mock Test Papers under examination conditions and do not assess their preparation. They merely do an audit of
these questions rather than practicing them in examination conditions.
Students fail to plan their time during examination. Even some time, no time is left for the revision. And many a times, students fail to attempt full paper and do all questions. So, it is important that students must finish each question within allocated time. And some time must be saved for the revision of the paper in the end.
Requirement of the question not correctly understood
Students are required to read and to understand very clearly as to what is required by the paper-setter. Sometimes, students are negligent while reading the question and this is reflected in their answer as they sometimes are not able to understand the simplest of issues or the questions that have been picked from the illustrations of the study material/practice manual/ revision test papers.
Also, many a times, students start a particular question and then leave it in the middle, which is another instance where they have not read the question correctly and have not well thought about the answer to the question and hence they leave the question amidst.
Word limit is ignored
Students preferably write more than required to show that they know a lot about the said concept. This affects adversely on their performance (which will adversely affect performance of other questions due to limited availability of time). So marks allotted and time required for attempting the question must be kept in mind. Always be concise and write to the point and do not try to fill pages unnecessarily.
Lack of logical reasoning or assumption is missing where there is an ambiguity in the question
In case where a question is not clear, one may state his assumptions and then answer the question. A proper logical expression must be there in the answer. However, the students fail at this front also.
Weak representation of answer
Most of the students’ answers are so disorganized and are so untidy that it affects the scoring of marks. Students should emphasize on the representation of the answer to make it more legible and appealing to catch the examiner’s eye.
Lack of knowledge of the significant amendments
Last but not the least, students are not updated with the recent relevant amendments for the examination. So the question based on the recent developments is left untouched by the large number of the students.
How to Present Law Paper in Exam to Get 60+ Marks
Handling of Paper
While attempting practical/application oriented questions, students should be able to pinpoint the legal points or issues involved in any statement, problem or situation given in the question, explain the relevant legal provisions clearly, correlate the legal provisions to the given statement or problem or situation and cite the relevant case law in support of their reasoning.
- Length of the Answer is not important but Correct answer is important.
- Don’t waste your time on lengthy answers.
- First, Attempt the easy and small questions.
- You don’t required to write in Question number order but write Sub-section questions in order.
- If you don’t know the sections or acts don’t mention them. It is better to not to be mentioned wrong sections and numbers.
- Write the reasons for True or False Questions.
- Write the relevant answer only. Do not write unnecessary Topics.
- Avoid Strike-through errors.
- Maintain Good Hand Writing and Don’t use too much cursive writing.
- Try to attempt all the questions but not choice question.
- Do not forget to mention the Question number.
- Try to mention the Case laws and case studies along with its sections and Acts.
- Mention the relevant Section or Act of the Question in the 1st paragraph of the answer.
- Add the Conclusion in the last paragraph.
A common comment of examiners in the Law paper is that candidates are generally weak in their working knowledge of basic concepts and provisions of the relevant laws as well as in language and writing skills. It is therefore suggested that students may go through the comments given by the examiners which are available in the suggested answers of each examination and do the necessary follow-up action to remove their shortcomings and improve their knowledge and performance.
Practical /problem based question
Specimen of Question & Answer
Mr. Singh, an old man, by a registered deed of gift, granted certain land property to A, his daughter. By the terms of the deed, it was stipulated that an annuity of Rs.2, 000 should be paid every year to B, who was the brother of Mr. Singh. On the same day A made a promise to B and executed in his favour an agreement to give effect to the stipulation. A failed to pay the stipulated sum. In an action against her by B, she contended that since B had not furnished any consideration, he has no right of action.
Examining the provisions of Indian Contract Act, 1872, decide, whether the contention of A is valid
Name of the Act and the provision by which it is governedProblem as asked in the question is based on the provisions of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 as contained in section 2(d) and on the principle ‘privity of consideration’. Consideration is one of the essential elements to make a contract valid and it can flow from the promisee or any other person. In view of the clear language used indefining ‘consideration’ in Section 2(d) “…. the promisee or any other person ”, it is not necessary that consideration should be furnished by the promisee only.
A promise is enforceable if there is some consideration for it and it is quite immaterial whether it moves from the promisee or any other person.Reference of any case law, if any for quality of the answer though not effecting on the scoring of the answer The leading authority in the decision of the Madras High Court in Chinnaya Vs. Ramayya (1882) 4 Mad 137., held that the consideration can legitimately move from a third party and it is an accepted principle of law in India.
- Co-relation of the legal provisions to the given statement/problem in a question
In the given problem, Mr. Singh has entered into a contract with A, but Mr. B has not given any consideration to A but the consideration did flow from Mr. Singh to A and such consideration from third party is sufficient to enforce the promise of A, the daughter, to pay an annuity to B. Further the deed of gift and the promise made by A to B to pay the annuity were executed simultaneously and therefore they should be regarded as one transaction and there was sufficient consideration for it.
Thus, a stranger to the contract cannot enforce the contract but a stranger to the consideration may enforce it.
- Theoretical questions
For the theoritcal question, the answer should be laid down in bullets with brief description given in small paragraphs for making answer more appealing and legible.
Specimen of Question & Answer
What are the different manners of non-verbal communication?
One may continue to communicate non-verbally through:Kinesics or Body language: All our bodily movements, gestures, postures etc., are guided by our feelings and thought processes. The nodding of our head, blinking of our eyes, waving of our hands, shrugging of our shoulders etc., are expressions of our thought and feelings. All these movements are the signals that our body sends out to communicate.
All these movements are the signals that our body sends out to communicate.
Paralanguage: The term paralanguage is used to describe a wide range of vocal characteristics like tone, pitch, and speed etc. – vocal cues that accompany spoken language which help to express and reflect the speaker’s attitude.
Speaker uses a vast range of vocal cues like:
- Pitch Variation
- Volume variation
- Non – fluencies
- Word Stress.
Artificial Communication: It is well known that we react to people on the basis of their appearance. The use of personal adornment like clothing, accessories, makeup, hairstyle etc. provides important non verbal cues about one’s age, social and economic status, educational level, personality etc.
Proxemics: refers to the space that exists between us when we talk or relate to each other as well the way we organize space around us. We can also call it ‘space language”.Chronemics or Time language: is the study of how we use
Chronemics or Time language: is the study of how we use time to communicate. Punctuality is an important factorin time communication. Misunderstandings or disagreements involving time can create communication and relationship problems.
Haptics: is communication through touch.
How we use touch sends important messages about us. It reveals our perceptions of status, our attitudes and even our needs.
Silence:The absence of paralinguistic and verbal cues also serves important communicative functions.
Follow above given Presentation Tips, You can Get 60+ marks in IPCC Law, Ethics and Communication Easily. Share this article to CA IPCC Students who are preparing CA IPCC Law for May 2017. If you ave any queries and issues of IPCC Law Syllabus changes and New Amendments May 2017, you can ask us via comment box and Like our official FACEBOOK page.